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Tuesday, September 22, 2015

Global Antibiotics Consumption as well as Resistance Increasing: CDDEP

Contributed by: Siddarth David and Dr. Tamhankar

Researchers at the Centre for Disease Dynamics, Economics & Policy (CDDEP), Washington DC, released a report and an online interactive mapping tool, last week, that documenting rates of bacteria resistant to last-resort antibiotics that can lead to life-threatening infections across the world. data come from a variety of sources, from small private laboratories in India to large datasets from the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control, covering 30 countries.

The executive summary of the State of the World's Antibiotics 2015, states that between 2001-10 the global consumption of antibiotics rose by 30% and in countries where they are sold over the counter like Brazil, India and South Africa, they rose by a staggering 210%. It further states that though wealthy countries still use far more antibiotics per capita, there are growing high rates in the low- and middle-income countries where surveillance data is now available—such as India, Kenya, and Vietnam.

The data also shows that antibiotic resistance is also rising especially in in sub-Saharan Africa, India, Latin America, and Australia and was recorded at 47% in India in 2014, and 90% in Latin American hospitals in 2013. The report should serve as wake up call to health policy makers to implement guidelines on antibiotic stewardship and judicious use as succinctly put by Ramanan Laxminarayan, CDDEP Director and report co-author "We need to focus 80 percent of our global resources on stewardship and no more than 20 percent on drug development."